How did VAR work at the 2018 World Cup? (Part 1)

Despite the outstanding advantages, but not everyone supports VAR. A group of people who regularly come to the field said they were unsure when a decision to use VAR was reviewed. Meanwhile, other groups think that despite the intervention of machines, controversial situations are always a part of football.

One of the biggest differences of the 2018 football festival in Russia compared to previous World Cups, is the introduction of Video Assistant Referee (VAR) technology – the video technology that supports arbitration.

There are 13 video assistants, or extra referees, who sit in a special center in Moscow (regardless of where the match takes place) to watch the match through the screen. Among them is an assistant selected for each match, who will work with a team of three other assistants on duty on the field.

The assistant referee sits in a special center in Moscow

Here, the signals are streamed directly from the stadium, including the full view of the game going on as well as slow motion footage. These video assistants will notify the umpire whenever a fault is found, or the umpire will seek their input whenever necessary. However, the final decision still rests with the referee.

What can viewers see?

Audience present at the stadium: They will not be able to see the influence of VAR most of the time, apart from the rectangles drawn by the referee.

TV Audience: They watch the slow motion, the image is similar to what the referee sees.

How to identify a decision is influenced by VAR?

The entire VAR technology is focused on building around the referee, otherwise the eye will sometimes be inaudible to the audience when VAR is being used. However, there are still 3 signs to know the referees are consulting information from VAR.

Sign 1: In some cases, the referee simply receives a notification via headset from the VAR arbitration assistant. If observant, the audience can know this when the referee touches the headset.

Referees receive notifications via headphones from the VAR arbitration assistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is var? Learn about VAR Technology in football (Part 3)

VAR is most used in the area of ​​the penalty area. The decision to blow a penalty may be maintained or canceled by the referee after reviewing the video of the situation provided by VAR.

Using Var in direct red card situation

Violent acts will be prevented by VAR. However, VAR is only applied for direct red card situations, not the second yellow card.

Using Var to identify mistakes

In fact, there are many situations on the field that the referee also makes mistakes. Specifically, in the match between Arsenal and Chelsea in 2014. Oxlade Chamberlain of Arsenal was the one who made the mistake but the referee suddenly chased Kieran Gibs, another player who also owns the same head as Chamberlain. Using VAR technology, the mistakes of the referees can be corrected. However, VAR also has certain restrictions to ensure not to interrupt the game.

Application of Var technology in situations: 11m free kick, identify errors, goals and red cards directly.

Is VAR restricted to use?

Not at all, but VAR will not be used in case the game has been continued. If VAR does not detect errors, a free kick, a throw-in is automatically continued.

Goals are not determined by the VAR in the event the offensive team commits a foul in the situation leading to the goal. In general, using VAR, the referee can cool the player even though the foul situation has happened before.

Why is FIFA using VAR at Worldcup 2018?

The world’s most powerful football authority wants to improve the accuracy of decisions on the field. “I will tell football fans that this technology has a positive impact,” FIFA Infantino President said. According to the head of FIFA, VAR has been used in about 1,000 matches with an accuracy of 93-99%.

FIFA scrutinizes all the potential that this technology can bring. Infantino also said that VAR needs to improve the pace of the game analysis and communicate to the referees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is var? Learn about VAR Technology in football (Part 2)

The arbitrator may consult the VAR referee team through a headset without having to review the screen.

Where to use Var?

The referee will signal using the Var technology by drawing a rectangle. The central control room will recreate two video streams and stream them to the game field, where the match is taking place with the following content.

The first video will cover every angle reviewed and analyzed by a team.

The second video from the central control room shows the team’s work here to ensure transparency.

Based on two videos provided by the central control room, the referee refuses to review them with a screen placed close to the football field, from which the referee will make the most accurate decisions in sensitive and easy situations. causing controversy in all matches that took place during the 2018 World Cup.

The central control room will always monitor each situation and developments on the pitch, not just when asked by the referees to support a given situation. The central control room will even contact the referee when a clear situation or serious error occurs.

Var technology in football has also been tested in the UK and some matches in Germany and Italy before being officially applied at Worldcup 2018. This is also the first time VAR is used in a Worldcup. Previously, FiFa also applied the goal line technology for the first time at Worldcup 2014.

In football, when is VAR used?

In a football match VAR is only used in certain situations that are: penalty kick 11m, identify errors, goals and red cards directly. Details are as follows.

Use Var to determine goals

When a team claims a goal, the referee will ask to use VAR to detect offside, pull shirts and other errors during the scoring process. And goals will not be accepted when the culprit offside offside a few centimeters.